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Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a systemic infection caused by Bartonella species, occurring nearly exclusively in HIV-infected individuals, characterized by cutaneous vascular tumors resembling Kaposi's sarcoma and symptomatic multisystemic infection, most commonly involving the liver (peliosis hepatis) and/or spleen (parenchymal bacillary peliosis).



Causes:

Bartonella spp. cause vascular proliferation (angiogenesis): B.bacilliformis, verruga peruana; B.henselae and B.quintana, BA.

Additional risk factors for bacillary angiomatosis associated with B quintana infection include the following:

* Homelessness
* Low socioeconomic status
* Exposure to body and hair lice


Risk factors:

* HIV infection
* Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
* Cytotoxic chemotherapy
* Organ transplantations


Symptoms:

* high fever
* tender and swollen lymph nodes
* nausea
* vomiting
* sweats
* chills
* poor appetite
* Weight loss
* Gastrointestinal symptoms

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