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Pediculosis capitis is an infestation of the scalp by the head louse, which feeds on the scalp and neck and deposits its eggs on the hair; presence of head lice is associated with few symptoms but much consternation.


Causes:

Lice are insects that infest the hair.  Adult lice live on the hair, and they climb down to feed on the scalp four to five times a day.  Females lay about six eggs (nits) a day which they cement to the hair shaft.



Symptoms:

* Patients infested with head lice generally present with an itchy scalp. The back of the neck and postauricular areas are commonly involved.

* The hair can become tangled with exudates, predisposing the area to fungal infection.
* Typically it appears as red itchy bumps on the back of the neck and scalp

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