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A stye is also called as hordeolum. It, also spelled "sty", develops when a gland at the edge of the eyelid becomes infected. Resembling a pimple on the eyelid, a stye can grow on the inside or outside of the lid. Styes are generally caused by a Staphylococcus bacteria infection and are particularly common in infants, though people of any age may experience them. They are commonly associated with stress, probably because people under stress tend to get less sleep and therefore rub their eyes more often, thus transporting the bacteria into the eye. A sty also may arise from an infected hair follicle at the base of an eyelash. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for 90-95% of cases of styes. A stye can develop as a complication of blepharitis. Styes that appear on the eyelid are usually deeper, more painful and last longer than those appearing on the eyelash. To prevent a stye in the eye; always washing hands before touching the eyes and keeping good eye hygiene, especially for contact users.


Causes:

1.Styes are usually caused by obstructed orifices of the oil glands in the eyelid. Very frequently, they are infected by bacteria, most commonly staphylococcal bacteria.
2.Stye may be caused by improper or incomplete removal of eye makeup.
3.Use of outdated or infected cosmetics may also be the cause.
4.Inflammatory diseases of the eyelid, such as blepharitis, meibomitis, and rosacea may also lead to cause this problem.
5.Stress & Hormonal changes may also cause the oil glands in the eyelid to be obstructed as more or less oil flow. This may again lead to stye.


Symptoms:

1. A stye initially brings pain, redness, tenderness and swelling in the area, and then a small pimple appears.
2. Sometimes just the immediate area is swollen; other times the entire eyelid swells.
3. You may notice frequent watering in the affected eye, a feeling like something is in the eye or increased light sensitivity.
4. Symptoms can include swelling, discomfort during blinking of the eye, watering of the eye, and sensitivity to light.
5. Crusting of the eyelid margins.
6. Blurred vision may also be the cause.
7. Mucous discharge in the eye.

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